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Seduction of Print Making PDF Print E-mail




Stanley William Hayter initiated some of the most significant media-specific changes of the 20th century. His prints are varied in technique and style, but the most characteristic are influenced by the abstract vein of Surrealism and are notable for their experiments with texture and color. Hayter wanted to transform printmaking into a highly original and creative medium in its own right. He has been widely celebrated for his influence on creative printmaking in America and Europe. Hayter worked closely with the Surrealists and Abstract Expressionists. Although he got involved and influenced in both art movements, his own work does not fit easily into either category. Dipak Bannerji studied portrait painting from Banaras Hindu University. Later, he got a scholarship from the French government and went on to study in Ecole Des Beaux Art. There, he got an opportunity to study printmaking with  Stanley William Hayter in Atelier 17. Deepak Bannerji , Kamal Krishna, Amitav Bannerji and Krishna Reddy are very important artists of printmaking history in India. Dipak Bannerji learned viscosity technique and practiced even after returning to India. He explored mainly in Hindu tantric symbols in printmaking. He exhibited his art works in many countries like France, Norway, Chile, etc. Though he was influenced from western art and style, he focused his art on Hindu religion and their symbols. He worked in Banaras Hindu University as a Professor.

In Banares, Bannerji taught printmaking and viscosity technique to many Nepali sttudents including Birendra Pratap Singh, Parmesh Kant Adhikari, Uma Shankar Shah, and Dr. Seema Sharma Shah. Bannerji is one of those artists who created his own color. He explored Hindu religion and tantric symbols in geometric form in abstract way. His art works are known as Neo-Tantric art. He said, “I feel comfortable in set harmonize color. Gentle shades and transparent tints may be seen in my prints.” His art works are collected in many galleries like National Gallery of Modern art, New Delhi, Central Lalitkala Academy, Bradford, Fredikstad Bibliotec Norway, British Museum, etc. Though artists like Urmila Upadhya Garg trained in Ecole National Des Beaux Arts Paris at Atelier 12 under S.W. Hayter along with Dipak Bannerji - she is now known for her work with Kalaguthi which she founded.

Birendra Pratap Singh is a well-known artist in the history of Nepalese printmaking. He is also  famous for his unique drawing style. As a student of Hayter at Banaras Hindu University his works, too, reflect some of Hayter’s techniques. His print works are imbued with surrealism and wit and provide powerful commentary on the environment. For him, printmaking is team work, without it, printmaking is restrictive. .Parmesh Kant Adhikari also learned viscosity technique in printmaking with Dipak Bannerji - his works.inspired by neo tantric forms, Buddhism and nature.  While Uma completed his MFA from Banaras Hindu University, Seema received her Doctorate in Printmaking from Banaras Hindu University. Both Uma Shankar Shah and Dr Seema are internationally known artists in the field of printmaking. They continue to explore viscosity techniques even now and are exhibiting their prints in many national and international shows

The artist Ragini Upadhya Grela studied printmaking at Lucknow University Faculty of Music and Fine Art. She is a print maker of international repute and runs her own printmaking atelier.. Valuing the art of printmaking , the years the Siddhartha the Siddhartha Art Gallery has over the last 30 years exhibited the works of a host of Nepali and international artists from India , Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan, China, Korea, Australia , Jordan, Palestine , UK, Norway , Finland and USA. In 1994 .the Siddhartha Art Gallery hosted the first two week print making workshop in collaboration with the Indian Printmakers Guild at the Nepal Arts Council which involved over 20 national and visiting Indian artists. In 1999, the artist Ashmina Ranjit returned from the University of Tasmania with a BFA in Printmaking, Painting and Art Theory. More recently Nepali artists like Kabi Raj Lama who trained in Japan,  and Umesh Shah,  trained in India are contributing to the printmaking scene in Nepal. In 2017,  Printmaking Nepal hosted an exhibition in support of the Kathmandu Triennale

It is interesting to note that Uma Shankar Shah and Dr. Seema Sharma Shah are the only artists who continue to work on printmaking and teach printmaking at the Central Department of Fine Arts Tribhuvan University. Dr. Seema Sharma Shah is an Associate Professor of Printmaking at the Fine Art Campus, Tribhuvan University. Many Nepali artists have been able to learn the technique of viscosity with them. Their students include Anita Khanal Bhatterai, Bhishan Rajbhandari,  Bidhata K.C, Bipana Maharjan, Laxmi Prasad Koteja, , Manju Khadka, Manju Shyaula, Rabita Kisi, Rukmani Shrestha, Samjhana Rajbhandari, Sangita Ghimire, Santosh Sigdel, Saurganga Darshandhari, SujitaMaharjan, Surendra Maharjan, Sushma Shakya, Tika Datta Dahal and Umesh Shah whose works are included in this exhibition..

While Uma is inspired by the city and its heritage, Seema is more influenced by Eastern philosophy - the incarnation of multiple manifestations of divine beings—a unique phenomenon described as Avatars in Hinduism and the related mythology associated with it. The exhibition contains 199 plus prints with a diverse range of subjects; the city, our tangible and intangible heritage  socio-politcal issues, life stories, the elements and abstract forms. This exhibition was organized by Uma Shankar Shah, President of Printmaking Nepal which was established in 2016 to promote the art of printmaking in Nepal. Keeping the collector in mind, collector, Printmaking Nepal has prepared two types of special box portfolios – "personal" which contains 10 works by the following individual artists: Anita Khanal Bhattrerai, Birendra Pratap Singh, Sujita Maharrjan, Surendra Maharjan, Sushma Shakya, Manju Khadka and Manju Syala. The “Combined” box portfolios  includes  works by Bhishan Rajbhandari,  Bidhata K.C, Bipana Maharjan, Dr.Seema Sharma Shah, Rabita Kisi, Rukmani Shrestha, Samjhana Rajbhandari, Sangita Ghimire, Santosh Sigdel, Saurganga Darshandhari, Tika Datta Dahal, Uma Shankar Shah and Umesh Shah. Though Printmaking Nepal has 32 members this exhibition represents the works of 21 members. Guest artists: Urmila Upadhya Garg, Pramila Giri, Manuj Babu Mishra, Shashi Bikram Shah, Batsa Gopal Vaidya, Kiran Manandhar, Hriday Ballav Panday and Lok Chitrakar. have been included in this exhibition to pay homage living master artists of our time

Sangeeta Thapa
Siddhartha Art Gallery


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